Kiran’s UPSC Mains GS Paper-2 Short Notes by Vikas Sangwan (English Medium) 2018

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Book  Kiran’s UPSC Mains GS Paper-2 Short Notes by Vikas Sangwan (English Medium) 2018
Author  Vikas Sangwan
Binding  Spiral 
Language  English Medium
Publication Year  2018
Publisher  Kiran Publications 
Short Notes :- Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations How to Score Consistently high marks in UPSC Mains G.S. Papers. Score 450+ Marks CONTENT: GS-II Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations India Secularism Federal Structure Federalism and issues Politicization of Governors - Appointment and Removal Should Governor be Impeached like Judges? Equal Representation of States in the Rajya Sabha Inter-State Water Conflicts Constitutional and Legal Framework Sarkaria Commission Observations and Recommendations Inter-State Water Disputes (Amendment) Act, 2002 Satluj Yamuna Link - Haryana Punjab dispute Ravi Beas Case Cauvery Dispute Lessons from Tribunal Experience and Suggestions Inter State Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2011 Need of Rajya Sabha Article 370 Special Category Status (SCS) Local Governance MPLADS Scheme 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments - issue of women representation Some provisions to augment financial resources of municipalities Direct election for Mayor Urban planning and Local democracy 5th and 6th Schedule Executive, Legislature, Parliament and Separation of Powers Power of Lieutenant Governors in UT Misuse of Ordinance making powers (Art 123 and Art 213) Legislative Councils Death Penalty: Judiciary, Ministries and Departments and Dispute Resolution Mechanisms Judicial Activism Judges Appointment NJAC 2013 Bill Memorandum of Procedure (MoP) for appointment of judges: Removal of Judges - Per Constitution of India: Alternative dispute redressal (ADR) Elections, RPA Foreign Funding of Political Parties (FCRA changes) Budget 2017 Electoral Reforms proposed Electoral Reforms Constitutional, Statutory, Quasi-Judicial, Regulatory bodies Constitutional Bodies CAG Election Commission Statutory, Quasi-Judicial, Others Statutory Quasi-Judicial CVC The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Quasi - judicial NCDRC NGT Regulatory Bodies Films and TV Governance & Social Justice Gov, e-Gov, Citizen charters Fodder e-Gov What is governance e-Governance m-Governance Citizen Charter PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation) platform Digital India Programme (DIP) UID or Aadhaar Project National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) Role of civil services in democracy Importance and functions performed by Civil servants Prosecution of Civil Servants Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules 1964 Domain based lateral entry in higher civil services Civil Services Role in a Democracy Prakash Singh vs UOI (2006) Role of NGO, SHG, donors, charities and others NGO NGO & Donors: Self Help Groups Child (Welfare Schemes) Vulnerable Sections (general): Child Issues Child labour National Action Plan for Children, 2016 (NAPC) Women Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTPA) 1971 Domestic Violence or Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Women trafficking Paid Domestic Workers Women Empowerment Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994 HR, Skill, Youth, Employment, Sports Sports 78 NSDF/ TOP Khelo India Scheme Drug abuse BCCI reforms Justice R.M. Lodha Committee 2016 report- on functioning of BCCI (Report on Cricket Reforms) Senior Citizens National Centre for Ageing Vayoshreshtha Samman Constitutional Provisions and Acts Disabled Persons Constitutional Provisions and Acts The Marrakesh VIP Treaty of WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organisation) Minorities, SC/STs, OBC and others Bezada Wilson Caste System and Unaccountability (ex-Untouchables/dalits/downtrodden) Tribal rights and issues Xaxa Committee 2014 Dalit Capitalism: Tribals SC and STs Economic Empowerment Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana Backward Classes (OBC) Religious Minorities Sexual Minorities Transgender Policy Denotified and Nomadic Tribes (DNTs) Education Education for girls 4 pillars of education Pre-school Programme Primary education (I to V) and Elementary education (I to VIII) SSA RTE Act 2009 Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2014 No Detention Policy (NDP) under RTE T.S.R. Subramanian on New Education Policy (NEP) 2016 Higher Education NEET Low global Ranking of higher educational institutions Global Initiative of Academic Networks’ (GIAN) by MHRD Healthcare National Health Profile 2015 National Health Policy 2017 Lifestyle diseases/ Non Communicable Diseases/ NCD/ Chronic diseases National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme Draft National Health Policy 2015 Mental Health Policy 2014 National Health Mission National AYUSH Mission Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) Sterilization/Family Planning Infant Mission Indradhanush Leprosy Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK) Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) Global Call to Action Summit 2015 Medical tourism in India Tax on Tobacco Mobile-health initiatives (mHealth) WIFS (Weekly Iron and Folic acid Supplementation) Poverty and Hunger Committees on Poverty Line: Tendulkar Committees Rangarajan MNREGA Scheme National Urban Livelihood mission Public Distribution System: NFSA 2013: Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2016 Water and Rivers Ganga National Council for River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) 2016, Yamuna: Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) Urban Housing: AMRUT - Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation Rural Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) PM Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) LARR (Amendment Bill) 2013: SC verdict on Land Acquisition (2016) North East Bezbaruah Committee: Bills Anti Trafficking Bill 2018 Draft Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill 2016 IIM Bill 2017 International Child Abduction Bill, 2016 / Untraceable Kids/ Missing Children HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2014 Citizenship (amendment) bill, 2016 National Medical Commission Bill 2016 (draft Proposed by NITI Aayog) Mental Health Bill 2016 (Passed by RS; Pending in LS) Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2016 (amends Act 1961) Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) bill 2014 Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 Amendment Bill 2016 The Medical Treatment of Terminally ill Patients Bill 2016 Draft National Water Framework Bill 2016 Delhi (Right of Citizen to Time-Bound Delivery of Services) Amendment Bill 2015 Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts Act, 2015 Arbitration and Conciliation Act (Amendment) Bill 2015 The Geospatial Information Regulation Bill, 2016 Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF) (amendment) Bill, 2015 Enemy Property Bill, 2016 (Passed in both houses) The Regional Centre for Biotechnology Bill, 2016 (under Ministry of S&T) Maharashtra Prohibition of Social Boycott Act, 2016 Factories (Amendment) bill 2014 The National Waterway Act 2016 Gujarat Labour Laws Bill 2016 Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organized Crime Bill (GCTOC) 2015 Model Shops and Establishments Act 2015 Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill, 2016 GST (Goods & Services Tax) CAA 122nd 2016 Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 The Payments of Bonus Act of 2015 Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of children) Act 2015 The Whistle Blowers Protection (Amendment) Bill 2015 Official Secrets Act, 1923 provisions in contravention to RTI 2005 Road Transport and Safety Bill 2014 Consumer Protection Bill 2015 (replaces Consumer Protection Act, 1986) Bureau of Indian Standards Bill, 2015 Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act, 2015 SC/ST(Prevention of Atrocities Act) PoAA 1989 - Amendment Act 2015 Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act 2016 The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 (pending in Parl) The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Bill, 2015 (amends 1998 act) Prevention of Corruption (Amendment bill 2013) Act 1988 Landmark judicial decisions: General Issues Racism Right to life, De-criminalisation of section 309 (attempt to Suicide): 5 year Plan (FYP) to 15 year Criminal Defamation (Sec 499, 500 IPC)/Sedition/Freedom of Speech Sedition - 124A of IPC Section 295(A) of IPC Section 199(2) to (4) of CrPC Forest Fires Nation/Nationalism/ JNU controversy Commercial surrogacy Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) bill 2014 Uniform Civil Code Prison reforms Antiquities Shyam Benegal Committee on framework for certification of films and revamp of CBFC (Central Board of Film Certification) Triple Talaq RTI 2005- Right to information - a new activism (10 yrs of success) Water Crisis/ Shortage/ Drought Simultaneous elections Lok Sabha and Legislative assemblies/ Electoral reforms Good Samaritans Labour reforms Black Money Kingfisher fiasco (Vijay Mallya) / GSPC - KG Basin scam CSR - Corporate Social Responsibility Medical Council of India (MCI) President rule Limits on the usage of money bill (Aadhar bill controversy): Odd-Even Scheme for Delhi Transport HUL Kodikanal (TN) Mercury poisoning case Women and religion Religion and Women Women and conflicts with rights Kambala Jallikattu Death Penalty Convicts Alcohol Ban Dress code in temple Overuse of Cess Rising Intolerance Tipu Sultan controversy Beef ban Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) Reservation System Sex Determination/ Falling Sex ratio SDG 2015 Net Neutrality/ TRAI/ Differential pricing Gov. Policies / Mission Smart Cities AMRUT National Food Security Mission (NFSM) - Under Ministry of Agriculture & Family Welfare NFSA - National Food Security Act - under Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public distribution Direct benefit Transfer - DBT (world’s largest DBT scheme) LPG/PAHAL Kerosene Fertilizers Make in India Ease of doing business: FDI Intellectual Property Facts: National Manufacturing Sanitation SBA (Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan) 2014 Swachh Survekshan Deendayal Upadhyay Swaniyojan Yojana (DUSY) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana’- DAY Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) Project ‘Mausam’ Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin) to achieve Housing for All by 2022 Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Urban) - (earlier as Housing for All 2022) Social Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 Declining CSR/ Child Sex Ratio/ Saving Girl Child Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao (BBBP) Sukanya Samridhi Yojna MNREGA / MGNREGA National Hydrology Project (NHP) Scheme / Examples International relations India and its Neighbours India-Bangladesh India-Myanmar India-Bhutan India-Maldives India-Nepal India-Sri Lanka India-Pakistan India-Afghanistan India-Mauritius India-Africa India-Australia India-Central Asia India-China India-Europe India-UK India-Germany India-EU India-Japan India-Middle East, West Asia Iran-Saudi Arabia conflict India-Saudi Arabia India-UAE India-Kuwait India-Iran India-Oman India-Qatar India-Israel India-Russia Indian Ocean Region (IOR) India-US India-LAC India-Look East Policy India-Cambodia N-Korea India-South korea India-Brunei India-Malaysia India-Thailand India-Singapore India-Fiji India-Vietnam Role of Diaspora in Indian dev Nuclear Initiatives North Korea’s Hydrogen Bomb test (Jan 2016) India-Pacific Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC) now IORA NAM relevance Internatinal Conventions, Agreements...... Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) of WTO TFA in services (TFS) - India’s Perspective: Mega-regional trade agreements: RCEP (Regional Cooperation for Economic Partnership) - underway Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) - underway WTO Nairobi Summit 2015 11th WTO ministerial meet - Buenos Aires Dec 2017 Maritime Issues UNSC membership to India: IR Organisations and others Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) ASEAN-India India - EU summit 2016 (Brussels, Belgium) 8th BRICS Summit 2016 Human Rights Watch (HRW) Amnesty International International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) - seat (Hamburg, Germany) The UNCLOS convention Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) Hague Convention Raisina Dialogue Shangri-La (hotel) Dialogue 2016 - Singapore Manama Declaration 2016 Reports International Institutions IAEA Nuclear Supplier Group (NSG) NPT Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) Missile Technology Controls Regime (MTCR) Wassenaar Arrangement (Netherlands) The Australia Group Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC) 4th Nuclear Security Summit(NSS) 2016, Washington DC, US IMF BRICS SCO Shanghai Co-operation Organisation, HQ: Beijing APEC AIIB ADB NDB RIC (Russia-India-China) International Seabed Authority (ISA) The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)